In Maryland’s criminal justice system, a juvenile is anyone under the age of 18 when the offense occurred. Even if a defendant is charged and arrested after their 18th birthday, they will be treated as a juvenile if the offense occurred while they were 17 or younger. However, in Maryland not all defendants under the age of 18 are prosecuted in juvenile court. Some crimes, such as first-degree assault and robbery automatically proceed in adult criminal court. In the event that bail is denied, the juvenile will be sent at an adult facility, separated from the adults, and held until a motion to transfer physical custody or other motion is filed on the juvenile’s behalf.